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Water by CASuntan


"Water has no taste, no color, no odor; it cannot be defined, art relished while ever mysterious. Not necessary to life, but rather life itself. It fills us with a gratification that exceeds the delight of the senses." -Antoine de Saint-Exupery (1900-1944), Wind, Sand, and Stars, 1939.


What is it?

Water (H20) is an omnipresent substance made up of hydrogen and oxygen and is necessary for all known forms of life. When speaking of water, most would assume you are referring to water in its liquid state, but the substance is also commonly found in a gaseous state (steam or water vapor) or a solid state, such as ice. In some form or another, water covers over 71% of our Earth’s surface, with the most (97%) being our oceans. Don’t forget all the large water bodies above the surface, such as lakes and rivers, glaciers, the polar icecaps, underground in the aquifers and traveling in the air all around us as vapor and clouds. Water, in a pure form, is a tasteless, odorless liquid and fresh, clean water is vital to humans and other living things. Some researchers have estimated that by the year 2025 more than 1/2 of the world’s population will be coping with the very scary and very real possibility of water scarcity.




For Life

These three elements of life are in the order of importance: air, water & food. You can live approximately 4 minutes with no air to breathe. You can live 3 to 12 days without water, depending on how much you exert your body and the environment (temperature) you are in. You can live 35+ days without food, depending on the stores of fat in your body. Your cells absolutely have to have water to be hydrated. Normally, there is an even balance of salts and water going in and out of your cells. Without water, the cells in every inch of your body become oversaturated with sodium and die; this then causes your main organs to shut down! Water is fundamental to the human body's metabolic processes.  It is not clear how long humans could live without the sun.



A human body is 55% to 78% water depending on body size. For the body to function properly, most advocates agree that 8–10 glasses of water daily is approximately what the average adult should consume to stay hydrated. The exact amount depends on the, temperature, humidity and activity level, along with other factors. Obviously, with physical exertion and exposure to the heat, the body’s water loss will increase. Most of the typical person’s water intake is actually ingested through foods or beverages other than drinking water. A well-known sports hydration water is Aqua Hydrate™, which claims to deliver cellular hydration and electrolytes, naturally. Sports celebrity users include golf legend Jack Nicklaus, Olympian Julie Swail and NFL pro-bowler Vince Wilfork, of the New England Patriots.



Water plays an important responsibility in the world economy, serving as a solvent for many chemical substances and aids with industrial cooling. Water is used for power generation. Hydroelectricity is a relatively inexpensive, GREEN renewable energy source. The energy needed is supplied by the sun. We also need water for agriculture and approximately 70% of our freshwater is needed for irrigation. Both water and the sun are critical for photosynthesis to occur. The act of photosynthesis provides oxygen for us to breathe and food to eat. Another huge way water helps us in industry is the extensive waterways we have to facilitate commerce and transporting goods to other places around the world.


Sun Tanning

Sun tanning is the chemical reaction that happens to the outer layer of your skin so it is necessary to keep this skin as healthy as possible. One of the greatest things that you can do every day to care for your skin (and entire body) is to drink a ton of water. Water keeps your whole body hydrated and thus keeps your skin hydrated and healthy as well. Hydration ideally shouldn’t start when you finally step out into the sun or just when tanning and sunbathing, but when you first start your day! Other ways you can hydrate your skin to keep it optimal for sun tanning are: sauna therapies, misters to help keep you cool and moisturizing creams and lotions. Take a look at the first ingredient of virtually any sun tanning emulsion!



People of all religions all over the world believe water to have a spiritual power. Water is a very necessary substance in religion and plays a role in major rites, such as baptisms and ritual washings. It is often used in spiritual purifications and cleansings. Other faiths that incorporate the use of water in rituals besides Christianity are: Islam, Shinto, Hinduism, Rastafarianism, Judaism & Taoism. Water is also one of the five classical elements in traditional Chinese philosophy, along with fire, wood, earth and metal. Holy water is blessed and then used in Christian practices. Many gods in Greek, Celtic and Roman mythology were named for rivers and bodies of water.


Mother Earth

The water on Earth continually moves through a cycle, evaporating into the air, aided by our warm, golden sun, and then precipitating into rain, snow or hail. Whatever the ground doesn’t absorb runs off; usually back to the ocean. Then the cycle starts again. The ebb and flow of the tides in our oceans are another example of how water affects our lives through the Earth.



Humans love to play in the water! The lakes and rivers offer fun in the sun water activities and sports for people of any age. Beaches and water parks are popular places for people to go to relax and enjoy the soothing effect of water. Boating, surfing, scuba diving, waterskiing and swimming are some of the wide range of activities that simply would not be possible without water. Good old-fashioned water balloon and snowball fights would cease to exist without this precious substance. Other water sports are played on ice! Just as ice hockey and ice skating are common and have to be played on ice, snow-skiing and snowboarding have to be played on snow. If you stop and think about just the Winter Olympics, we have tons of sports activities where water in its frozen form is absolutely crucial to the sport, itself!


Ever felt instantly better after coming upon a lovely water fountain or water feature in a park? Many people find the sight and sound of flowing water to be blissfully calming. Countless others keep fish and other life in aquariums or ponds for companionship and the natural soothing effect of the water. This is a big reason why you will often see fish aquariums in dentist and doctor offices.



Do the sun's rays penetrate water and to what extent? The rays do infiltrate water, but each color on the spectrum of light penetrates to a different degree. The more active the color of the light ray is, the deeper it penetrates through the water. The longer wavelengths fizzle out at shallow depths. Depending on the angle, water can reflect up to a full 100% of UV rays hitting the surface, consequently putting humans at greater possibility of over-exposure and its effects. These include sunburn, premature aging, eye damage and skin cancer. Swimmers and snorkelers near the surface of the water need to be extremely careful, since water reflects light it makes it more likely that you will burn. Wear a dive skin or suit, t-shirt to help protect yourself from the sun’s rays. Also remember to apply and reapply a good waterproof sun block. Interesting to note is fish in the oceans and seas particularly surrounding Britain are even afflicted by sunburns! What? Fish can get sunburned? Here, the ozone layer is incredibly thin and reports have shown that the UV rays, usually filtered out with the aid of the upper atmosphere, are harming great numbers of Cod, Dover Sole and even shellfish, such as oysters and mussels.


Sun glitter is the bright, sparkling light created when sunlight reflects from water waves. These waves or ripples can be caused by the movement of birds or animals in the water or by the natural movement of the water itself. If the angles are perfect, even a ripple from a thrown rock into water will generate a brief glitter. Light from the sun and other sources reflected on smooth surfaces is called specular reflection. The most common example of specular reflection is a mirror. A rippled but even surface such as water with waves will reflect the sun at various angles on each point of the surface of the waves. What happens then is that someone in the perfect position will see countless small images of the sun, all reflecting the sun's light to the viewer's eyes. Sun glitter can be bright enough to harm one's eyes and caution should be used while observing the glitter. Photokeratitis, sometimes known as snow blindness is caused by over exposure to UV light. This occurs with sunlight, sun tanning lamps, or even the bright light of a welding arc. It is referred to as snow blindness because the sunlight is reflected off of the snow but the phenomena can occur in water sports as well, with the reflection of bright light off of the water. It is usually very painful and afterwards the exposure can linger from several hours to 1 to 2 days. Remember even old, dirty snow can reflect harmful rays and sunburn your exposed skin as well as your eyes. Good sunglasses aren’t just a fashion accessory. Break out your Foster Grants or Ray Bans and take care to protect your eyes!


AND…don’t forget about the most wonderful result from combining SUN and WATER….RAINBOWS! 



Did we leave anything out? What do you believe to be the most important aspect about water? Have any special hydrating rituals with your sun tanning? We want to know! Write us at: info@suntan.com

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